Endodontic therapy, also known as a root canal, is a relatively painless
treatment which aims at clearing infection as well as protecting the
tooth from subsequent infections.
When a tooth is cracked or has a deep cavity, bacteria can enter the
pulp tissue and germs can cause infection. If left untreated, an abscess
may form. If the infected tissue is not removed, pain and swelling can
This not only puts your jawbones at risk for injury, but it is also detrimental
to your overall health. Without the proper treatment, your tooth may have
to be removed.
Teeth that require endodontic therapy are not always painful. However,
signs you may need a root canal include:
Pain upon chewing or application of pressure
Prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold
Dark discoloration of the tooth
Swelling and tenderness in the nearby gums
What happens during endodontic therapy?
Root canal treatment involves one to three visits during which your endodontist removes the affected tissue. After the tissue is removed, the interior of the tooth will be cleaned and sealed.
Finally, the tooth is filled with a dental composite. If your tooth had extensive decay, your doctor may suggest placing a crown to strengthen and protect the tooth from breakage. As long as you continue to care for your teeth and gums with regular brushing, flossing, and checkups, your restored tooth can last a lifetime.
Most teeth can be saved by endodontic therapy. However, tooth extraction may be necessary if:
Roots are severely fractured
The tooth does not have adequate bone support
The tooth cannot be restored
Root canals are not accessible
Endodontic therapy is intended to help save your tooth from extraction. Missing teeth can make you self-conscious, affect your ability to bite and chew, cause other healthy teeth to shift, and have a negative impact on your overall health. By choosing to receive endodontic therapy, you are choosing to keep your smile healthy and beautiful for years to come.